Species

Micrablepharus atticolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) is a Cerrado endemic lizard typical of open grasslands and savannas. Fazenda Vista Bonita, Alto Araguaia, central Brazil. Read on the phylogeography of this Cerrado endemic here.

Stenocercus caducus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) is found in the Chaco, Pantanal and western portion of the Cerrado, often in semideciduous forests or dry woodlands. Serra da Bodoquena, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Phyllopezus pollicaris (Squamata: Gekkota) is a large gecko found throughout the Neotropical diagonal of open formations, in rock outcrops scattered along drylands and savannas. Estação Ecológica de Uruçuí una, Piauí, Brazil.

Oxybelis aeneus (Serpentes: Colubridae) is one of most widely ranging Neotropical snakes, found from Mexico to central Brazil. In the Cerrado region it is relatively common in grasslands of the Jalapão and Serra Geral plateau. Fazenda Trijunção, Cocos, Bahia, Brazil.

Atractus albuquerquei (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is found in riparian areas along the Cerrrado region and its contact with Amazonia. Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Tropidurus semitaeniatus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) is found exclusively in rocky outcrops in the Caatinga and isolated parts of the Cerrado region. Its flattened body allows the species to use narrow crevices between rock slabs. Estação Ecológica de Uruçuí una, Piauí, Brazil.

Liophis reginae (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is widespread in the Neotropical region, ocurring mostly along forested areas. In central Brazil it is typical of riparian areas and gallery forests. Uruçuí una Ecological Station, Piauí, Brazil.

The smallest known pitviper, endemic to central Brazilian savannas, found only in pristine grassland areas. Bothrops itapetiningae (Viperidae).

Liophis typhlus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is found in dry forests along central Brazil. Alcinópolis, Mato Grosso do Sul, central Brazil.

Lygophis paucidens (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) is a cerrado endemic snake, being abundant in open grasslands on sandy soils. Grande Sertão Veredas National Park, central Brazil.

Erythrolamprus (Liophis) maryellenae (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is a Cerrado endemic, until recently known from few specimens. New studies have detected additional populations of this rare species, mostly in wet grasslands and palm marshes (veredas). Emas National Park.

Xenodon nattereri (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is a poorly known Cerrado endemic snake found in open grasslands. Área Alfa Cerrado reserve, Brasília, Brazil.

Philodryas livida (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is a globally endangered snake from tabletop cerrado grasslands. Its typical habitat is highly impacted by habitat loss, due to the expansion of mechanized agriculture. Emas National Park, central Brazil.

Apostolepis cearensis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is found throughout the Caatinga and the northern part of the Cerrado. Uruçuí-una Ecological Station, Piauí, Brazil.

Colobosaura modesta (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) is a Cerrado endemic lizard found in gallery forest habitat. Área Alfa Cerrado Reserve, Brasília, Brazil.

Apostolepis ammodites (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is a recently described Cerrado endemic snake, found in open savannas on sandy soils. Palmas, Central Brazil.

Taeniophallus occipitalis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is widespread along the Neotropical diagonal of open areas, often on riparian open savannas and grasslands. Fazenda Vista Bonita, Alto Araguaia, central Brazil.

Sibynomorphus mikanii (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is widespread in central Brazil,in pristine and disturbed habitats. Chapada das Mesas, Maranhão, Brazil.

Micrablepharus maximilliani (Squamata Gymnophthalmidae) is widespread in the Chaco, Cerrado and Caatinga regions. Chapada das Mesas, Maranhão, Brazil.

Stenocercus quinarius (Squamata: Tropiduridae), endemic to the Serra Geral plateau, central Brazil. Grande Sertão Veredas National Park, central Brazil. Find out more on this lizard:

Anolis brasiliensis (Squamata: Polychrotidae), typical of gallery forest habitats, Parque Nacional Chapada das Mesas, Carolina, Maranhão, Brazil.

Philodryas olfersii latirostris (Serpentes: Dipsadidae, Philodryadini) Serra da Bodoquena, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Ophiodes aff. striatus (Squamata: Anguidae). Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Kentropyx paulensis (Squamata: Teiidae) is a Cerrado endemic found in grassy areas that once dominated the uplands of the Paraná river basin, but are now highly impacted by extensive habitat loss.

Cercosaura schreibersii albostrigata (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) is typical of grasslands in the southern portion of the Cerrado region. Area Alfa Cerrado Reserve, Brasília, Brazil.

Imantodes cenchoa (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) Parque Nacional Chapada das Mesas, Maranhão, Brazil.

Cercosaura ocellata (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) is found in open areas close to riparian habitats in the Cerrado, Área Alfa Cerrado reserve, Brasilia.

Drymoluber brazili (Serpentes: Colubridae). Juvenile specimen from Emas National Park, central Brazil. This species ranges throughout the Cerrado and Caatinga regions, but is very rare and poorly known in most aspects of natural history.

Manciola (Mabuya) guaporicola is typical of open areas in the Cerrado. Emas National Park, central Brazil.

Enyalius aff. bilineatus (Squamata: Leiosauridae), is a forest dwelling species within the savanna-dominated Cerrado region. Area Alfa Cerrado reserve, Brasilia, central Brazil. Find out more on lizard local distribution in Cerrado habitat mosaics here:

Amphisbaena ibijara (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Parque Nacional Chapada das Mesas, Maranhão, Brazil.

Large female Bothrops moojeni (Serpentes: Viperidae) coiled in ambush at the gallery forest floor. Grande Sertão Veredas National Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Bachia geralista (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) is a recently described lizard, endemic to the southern portion of the Serra Geral plateau. Grande Sertão Veredas National park, central Brazil.

Kentropyx calcarata (Squamata: Teiidae) is found mostly in forested habitats. Parque Nacional Chapada das Mesas, Maranhão, Brazil.

Hoplocercus spinosus (Squamata: Hoplocercidae) is a Cerrado endemic lizard found mostly in arenitic escarpments in the contact between plateaus and depressions. Estação Ecológica Uruçui Una, Piauí, Brazil.

Apostolepis cearensis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) ranges in the Caatinga and in the northernmost portion of the Cerrado. Uruçuí-una Ecologial Station, Piauí, Brazil.

Kentropyx vanzoi (Squamata: Teiidae) is a Cerrado endemic lizard found in the western portion of the Cerrado. Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

The tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus (Reptilia: Sphenodontidae) belongs to the sister group of all extant Squamates. These ancient reptiles are found exclusively in New Zealand, and are highly threatened. Not a Cerrado species!

Apostolepis longicaudata. Jalapão state Park. Central Brazil.

Kentropyx cf. paulensis (Teiidae) is and undescribed species found in palm marshes (veredas), at the fringes of the Serra Geral plateau, Jalapão, central Brazil.

Rodriguesophis (Phimophis) iglesiasi is found along the Caatinga and Cerrado regions, often in sandy, depositional areas. Chapada das Mesas National Park. Maranhão, central Brazil.

The tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus. New Zealand.

Philodryas nattereri is widespread and relatively common in open habitats of the Cerrado, Chaco and Caatinga regions. Emas National Park, central Brazil.

Apostolepis polylepis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) is endemic to the northern portion of the Cerrado. Uruçuí una Ecological Reserve, Piauí state, Brazil.

Vanzosaura rubricauda (Gymnophthalmidae) is associated to sandy soils, and, despite being locally abundant, shows a discontinuous range across central Brazil.

Hypsiboas albopunctatus, resting on a buriti palm leaf, Águas Emendadas, Brasilia, Brazil.

Areas

Cerrado and Serra Geral plateau (background), Formosa do Rio Preto, Bahia, Brazil

Endemic Cerrado Squamate reptiles (101 species) show significantly regionalized ranges, belonging to different biotic elements (colored grids). See more on the link below.

Cerrado habitat mosaic at Emas National Park. Gallery forest, wet grassland (campo úmido) and interfluvial grassland (campo sujo).

Landscape at the Jalapão region, central Brazil, the largest pristine block of Cerrado savannas.

Brazil harbors the worlds richest ichthyofauna. At least 819 restricted range fish species delimit small scale watersheds critical for the conservation of Neotropical freshwaters. See more on the link below.

Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, Goiás, central Brazil. Foreground is composed of "campo sujo" grasslands, followed by wet grassland, and palm/gallery forest.

Lizard diversity and richness patterns in the Cerrado were investigated based on standardized samples in these ten previously unstudied localities. See more on the link below.

Arenitic outcrop at the fringes of Serra Geral. Morro Santo, Formosa do Rio Preto, Bahia, Brazil.

Parque Nacional Chapada das Mesas, Maranhão, Brazil.

Morro do Fumo, isolated arenitic outcrop at the largest Ecologial Station in the Cerrado: Estação Ecológica Serra Geral do Tocantins, Brazil.

Cerrado landscape near Monumento Natural das Árvores Fossilizadas, Tocantins state, Brazil.

Pedra da Baliza was formerly used as a frontier mark between Bahia and Goiás states. Estação Ecológica Serra Geral do Tocantins, Brazil.

Cerrado habitat mosaic at Emas National Park. 1 Gallery forest of the Avoador river; 2 wet grassland; 3 campo cerrado; 4 campo sujo; 5 typical cerrado (cerrado sensu stricto).

Cerrado grassland in Jalapão region, the largest pristine block of Cerrado, central Brazil.